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Wednesday, July 29, 2020 | History

2 edition of Fitness of experimental populations of Drosophila melanogaster. found in the catalog.

Fitness of experimental populations of Drosophila melanogaster.

Wilke van Delden

Fitness of experimental populations of Drosophila melanogaster.

by Wilke van Delden

  • 133 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by V. R. B. -Offsetdrukkerij, Kleine der A 3-4 in Groningen .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Drosophila melanogaster.,
  • Insect populations.,
  • Reproduction.

  • Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQL537.D75 D38
    The Physical Object
    Pagination116 p.
    Number of Pages116
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5721980M
    LC Control Number70419802

    of results for Books: "Drosophila melanogaster" Skip to main search results Amazon Prime. (Drosophila Melanogaster) (Cambridge Handbooks in Behavioral Genetics) by Josh Dubnau. Brain Development in Drosophila melanogaster (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology) by Gerhard Martin Technau | A subdiscipline of genetics that studies RADIATION EFFECTS on the components and processes of biological inheritance. | Explore the latest full-text research PDFs, articles, conference papers.

    From a laboratory stock of Drosophila melanogaster (Oregon), reared for more than 20 years at 18° C, a new population was derived and maintained at 28° C for 8 years. The chromosomal and cytoplasmic contribution to genetic divergence between the two populations was estimated. Six body traits and reproductive fitness were taken into account. The third chromosome is .   Ellegren H, Sheldon B. C () Genetic basis of fitness differences in natural populations. Nature – View Article Google Scholar Chapman T, Liddle L. F, Kalb J. M, Wolfner M. F, Partridge L () Cost of mating in Drosophila melanogaster females is mediated by male accessory gland products. Nature –

    The Drosophila melanogaster genome includes 18 different genes that encode members of the nuclear receptor superfamily, a modest number compared to some invertebrate species such as Caenorhabditis (Table ).A large number of Drosophila hormone receptors (DHRs) have been identified and named based on their deduced amino acid sequence (e.g., DHR38, .   Experimental flies came from the FlyLand population, a large, outbred population originally derived from round‐robin crossing of 40 inbred lines of the D. melanogaster Genetic Reference Panel (DGRP) (Huang et al. ) and since maintained at a census size of individuals. Except where noted, all flies were maintained in standard culture.


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Fitness of experimental populations of Drosophila melanogaster by Wilke van Delden Download PDF EPUB FB2

Ayala rj. relative fitness of populations of drosophila serrata and drosophila birchii. genetics. apr; – [pmc free article] []cannon gb. the effects of heterozygosity and recombination on the relative fitness of experimental populations of drosophila by: 4. Get this from a library. Fitness of experimental populations of Drosophila melanogaster.

[Wilke van Delden]. Estimation of average fitness of populations of Drosophila melanogaster and the evolution of fitness in experimental populations. Evolution – Haymer D., and Hartl D.

The experimental assessment of fitness in Drosophila. A comparison of competitive and noncompetitive measures. Genetics –Cited by: The induction of recessive lethals in Drosophila oocytes, Genetics, 45 (o) I 19 PROUT, T., Genetic drift in irradiation experimental populations of Drosophila melanogaster, Genetics, 39 () SANKARANARAYANAN, K., Genetic loads in irradiated experimental populations of Drosophila melanogaster, Genetics, 5() 13I-I5O.

21 Cited by: 3. Laboratory populations of Drosophila melanogaster bearing the Curly and Plum marked second chromosome inversions were observed in selection experiments for ten discrete generations. Maximum Cited by: not prevailing in the population and the fitness found may be q'lite different from that under population co.1ditio!1s.

In a '1umber of experiments. WALLACE (WALLACE.; WALLACE. and. KING. ) tried to measure fitness of. Dros­ ophila melanogaster. populations with,he; aid of the CyL/Pm tech­ nique.

Here, we report the results of an experiment that is free from these problems. Four fitness-related traits were measured af 20, and 30 generations of relaxed selection in two experimental panmictic populations of Drosophila melanogaster and.

Initially, experimental and control populations had similar genetic constitutions except for the presence or absence of the mt gene. The populations were maintained for 20–25 generations by "serial transfer" under conditions of very intense selection.—The number of flies produced per unit time remained constant throughout the experiment in.

However, costs of adaptation may generate fitness trade‐offs and lead to some compromise between specialization and generalization that maximizes fitness.

Here, we evaluate the evolution of specialization and generalization in 20 populations of Drosophila melanogaster experimentally evolved in constant and variable thermal environments for 3. Fly populations. Two outbred wild-caught populations of D. melanogaster Meigen were used that originated from (1) Slovakia (Bratislava, °N, °E; collected by L' Vidlička in October ) and (2) India (Mysore, Karnataka, °N, °E; collected by the members of the Drosophila stock centre at the University of Mysore in July ).).

Both populations were. Explore the latest full-text research PDFs, articles, conference papers, preprints and more on DROSOPHILA GENETICS. Find methods information, sources, references or. In a second experiment we rescued eight inbred Drosophila populations with immigrants from two other inbred populations and observe: (i) there is a significant increase in viability both 5 and 10 generations after the rescue event, showing that the increase in fitness is not transient but persists long-term.

Temperature-related divergence in experimental populations of Drosophila melanogaster. Correlation between fitness and body dimensions.

In addition to changes in allele frequency across time, population genomic sequencing of D. melanogaster populations along the east coast of North America has uncovered thousands of putatively adaptive sites that vary significantly (FDR experimental.

One of the first of a new wave of experiments using this strategy was the laboratory "evolutionary radiation" of Drosophila melanogaster populations that Michael R.

Rose started in February, This system started with ten populations, five cultured at later ages, and five cultured at. This paper deals with an attempt to estimate the relative fitnesses of several experimental populations of D. melanogaster. The measure of fitness used was the number of offspring produced by single pairs of individuals.

Each experiment consisted of a study of two "competing" populations. Fifty males and 50 virgin females from each of two populations were mated as.

Drosophila (/ d r ə ˈ s ɒ f ɪ l ə, d r ɒ- d r oʊ-/) is a genus of flies, belonging to the family Drosophilidae, whose members are often called "small fruit flies" or (less frequently) pomace flies, vinegar flies, or wine flies, a reference to the characteristic of many species to linger around overripe or rotting fruit.

They should not be confused with the Tephritidae, a related family. Explore the latest full-text research PDFs, articles, conference papers, preprints and more on MOLECULAR POPULATION GENETICS. Find methods information, sources, references or conduct a literature.

CANNON GB. THE EFFECTS OF HETEROZYGOSITY AND RECOMBINATION ON THE RELATIVE FITNESS OF EXPERIMENTAL POPULATIONS OF DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER. Genetics. Aug; – [PMC free article] CARSON HL, STALKER HD.

Seasonal variation in gene arrangement frequencies over a 3 year period in Drosophila. Drosophila ananassae Doleschall is a cosmopolitan and domestic species. It occupies a unique status among Drosophila species due to certain peculiarities in its genetic behaviour and is of common occurrence in India.

Quantitative genetics of sexual and non-sexual traits provided evidence for genetic control of these traits. Explore the latest full-text research PDFs, articles, conference papers, preprints and more on DROSOPHILA DEVELOPMENT. Find methods information, sources, references or conduct a literature review.some fitness components (Rose ).

Such trade-offs have not been experimentally demonstrated. To address this problem, we tested whether evolution of improved learning ability in experimental populations of Drosophila melanogaster has been associated with a reduction of another fitness-related trait: larval competi-tive ability.1.

Growth of Drosophila melanogaster populations which were simultaneously subject to intense natural selection for marked fourth chromosomes was characterized in terms of number of progeny and a finite population growth rate There is no indication that the conditions experienced by past generations influenced the population growth potential of a cohort of adult flies; that is, population.